The earliest inhabitants of Tuscaloosa
were the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chikasaws, Muscogees and Tensaws. Nearby
Moundville was a center of Native
American culture. In the 1500s Hernando
de Soto and his men marched through the state and brought an end to Chief
Tuscaloosa during the Battle of Mauvila

Tuscaloosa became an incorporated town in 1819 and in 1826 began a short 20-year stint as the state capital. During this time, huge water oaks lined
the streets of Tuscaloosa which
led to the city’s nickname of “The Druid City.” In 1820, The University of Alabama was established by the General
Assembly and opened its doors in 1831. Just a few decades later, only four of the orginal 14 campus buildings made it through the “Last Great Unpleasantness” known to many as
the Civil War.

Reconstructed architectural features of
the capitol building when Tuscaloosa was the state’s capital from 1826-1846 can be found in the Capital Park located in downtown Tuscaloosa 



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